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November 4, 2019, New York, NY – A large and growing proportion of middle- and high-school students in New York State are using e-cigarettes, according to a new analysis by the New York Health Foundation (NYHealth). In 2018, more than half of high school seniors in New York State have tried vaping, whereas less than one-quarter have tried cigarettes.
These findings come as a national outbreak of pulmonary illnesses linked to vaping products has prompted increased scrutiny from policymakers and public health officials surrounding the popularity and regulation of e-cigarettes and vaping products.
“Although e-cigarettes were initially marketed as a potential smoking cessation device for adult smokers, they are increasingly popular among young people who have never smoked cigarettes,” said David Sandman, Ph.D., President and CEO of NYHealth. “After years of declining cigarette use, a new generation is becoming addicted to nicotine through vape products.”
In 2018, the proportion of students who have vaped but never smoked cigarettes was 21.9% of all students and 33.4% of all high school seniors. Between 2014 and 2018, the percentage of all students who had tried vaping but not smoking cigarettes more than tripled. Of the approximately 400,000 middle and high-school students in New York State who have tried vaping and the more than 225,000 who have vaped within the last 30 days, nearly two-thirds have never smoked cigarettes.
The analysis also found that more than 80% of students who have tried vaping used a flavored product the first time they vaped. This finding is important because the use of flavored products appears to have an impact on students’ perception of harm. Students who were first exposed to sweet flavored products (like mango or cotton candy) are most likely to say that vaping is less harmful than cigarette smoking.
“Flavored vape products have been especially appealing to young people,” said Mark Zezza, Ph.D., Director of Policy & Research at NYHealth. “A ban on sweet flavored e-liquid, like the one New York State has proposed, could have a big and meaningful impact on youth vaping rates.”
Other key findings include:
- Older students are more likely to vape. The start of high school (9th grade) coincides with the largest year-over-year increase in vaping rates. In 2018, less than 20% of eighth-graders had ever vaped, compared with 33% of ninth-graders. And 10% of eighth-graders reported that they currently vape, compared with 19% of ninth-graders.
- Youth vaping is most common among white and Hispanic students, but vaping has increased across all racial groups. Approximately 60% of white and Hispanic high school seniors in New York have tried vaping, compared with 47% of their black and 33% of their Asian peers.
- Girls are slightly more likely than boys to report vaping. In 2018, among high school seniors, 58.8% of girls and 53.4% of boys had tried vaping. Girls’ vape use has climbed quickly; in 2014, only 18% of female high school seniors had tried vaping.
The analysis, “Where There’s Smoke: Youth Vaping in New York State,” is based on publicly available data from the New York State Youth Tobacco Survey, which the New York State Department of Health administers every two years. The Foundation’s analysis includes survey data from 2014, 2016, and 2018.
The New York Health Foundation (NYHealth) is a private, statewide foundation dedicated to improving the health of all New Yorkers, especially the most vulnerable. Today, NYHealth concentrates its work in two strategic priority areas: building healthy communities and empowering health care consumers. The Foundation is committed to making grants, informing health policy and practice, spreading effective programs to improve the health care system and the health of New Yorkers, serving as a convener of health leaders across the State, and providing technical assistance to its grantees and partners.